Experimental study on mixing behaviors of wet particles in a bubbling fluidized bed

Huibin Xu, Wenqi Zhong, Yingjuan Shao, Aibing Yu

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34 Citations (Scopus)


Mixing behavior of binary particles with different densities in a wet fluidized bed has been experimentally investigated in this work. Some important hydrodynamic characteristics during mixing, such as the minimum fluidization velocity, flow pattern, and flotsam particle distribution are measured. The differences between dry and wet particles are systematically compared. It is found that the minimum fluidization velocity Umf of wet particles is higher than that of dry particles due to the liquid bridge force between particles. Umf reaches its maximum when the liquid saturation S = 0.1, and then decreases, and does not change much when the liquid saturation in the region of S = 0.2–0.3. Liquid addition can bring two opposite effects on the mixing of a binary mixture of particles with different densities. First, the intensity of bubbling in the wet fluidized bed is lower than that in the dry fluidized bed at the same operation gas velocity Uf, which will weaken the mixing. Secondly, the liquid bridge forces between particles can restrain the density segregation, which is beneficial for mixing. A simple method is developed based on the analysis of forces on flotsam particles to evaluate the effect of liquid bridge force on mixing. A segregation index Se, defined as Se = Flift/Fresis, where Flift contains the drag force Fd and buoyancy force Fb, and Fresis contains the gravitation force Fg and liquid bridge force Flb, is used to indicate the segregation potential. The calculated results show that Se > 1 in the dry fluidized bed and Se < 1 in the wet fluidized bed, and dry particles are more inclined to segregate than wet particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-33
Number of pages8
JournalPowder Technology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Fluidized bed
  • Mixing
  • Segregation
  • Wet particles

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