Experimental study on conveying characteristics of a novel top-discharge blow tank for fine cohesive powders

Haipeng Zhu, Huibin Xu, Wenqi Zhong, Aibing Yu

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A new conical-cylindrical top-discharge blow tank is designed, by introducing the pulsed gas to facilitate discharging, for stable transportation for kaolin powders. A series of experimental studies on pulsed gas characteristic parameters like pulsed gas flow rate Qpulsed (5 m3/h ≤ Qpulsed ≤ 25 m3/h), pulsed interval tpulsed (1 s ≤ tpulsed ≤ 5 s) and pulsed width τpulsed (50 ms ≤ τpulsed ≤ 250 ms) are conducted with the fluidized gas flow rate of 12 m3/h. The experiments mainly test the powder mass flow rate and solid-gas ratio in the conveying process. The results indicate that the mass flow rate and solid-gas ratio range 12.6–278.04 kg/h and 0.9–19.56 kg/m3, respectively. With the increase of the pulsed gas flow rate, the mass flow rate and solid gas ratio first increase and then decrease. When the ratio of fluidized gas flow rate to pulsed gas flow rate is within 0.8–1.2, its conveying capacity reaches the maximum. Meanwhile, the increase in the pulsed interval leads to the decrease of the mass flow rate and solid-gas ratio. Moreover, the increase in the pulsed width leads to the initial increase and then the stabilization of the mass flow rate and solid gas ratio. When the pulsed width is 50 ms, the improvement of discharge would small. Conversely, increasing the pulsed width can increase the discharge, and stabilize subsequently until over 200 ms. Besides, moisture content is one of the important factors affecting kaolin powders discharge. When the moisture content is 0.83%, the pulsed gas does not improve the discharge significantly. Meanwhile, pressure distribution at different locations in the tank is also measured. The results reveal that the introduction of pulsed gas changes the pressure distribution in the tank. A pressure zone is formed on the upper part of the tank, which promotes the powder discharge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-344
Number of pages10
JournalPowder Technology
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Kaolin
  • Pneumatic conveying
  • Pulsed gas
  • Top-discharging tank

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