Experimental investigation of vibration analysis on implant stability for a novel implant design

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Osseointegrated prostheses are widely used following transfemoral amputation. However, this technique requires sufficient implant stability before and during the rehabilitation period to mitigate the risk of implant breakage and loosening. Hence, reliable assessment methods for the osseointegration process are essential to ensure initial and long–term implant stability. This paper researches the feasibility of a vibration analysis technique for the osseointegration (OI) process by investigating the change in the dynamic response of the residual femur with a novel implant design during a simulated OI process. The paper also proposes a concept of an energy index (the E–index), which is formulated based on the normalized magnitude. To illustrate the potential of the E–index, this paper reports on changes in the vibrational behaviors of a 133 mm long amputated artificial femur model and implant system, with epoxy adhesives applied at the interface to simulate the OI process. The results show a significant variation in the magnitude of the colormap against curing time. The study also shows that the E–index was sensitive to the interface stiffness change, especially during the early curing process. These findings highlight the feasibility of using the vibration analysis technique and the E–index to quantitatively monitor the osseointegration process for future improvement on the efficiency of human health monitoring and patient rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1685
Number of pages16
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2022


  • Osseointegration implant
  • Structural health monitoring
  • Vibrational analysis

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