Experimental and numerical studies of square concrete-filled double steel tubular short columns under eccentric loading

M. Ahmed, Qing Quan Liang, Vipulkumar Ishvarbhai Patel, Muhammad N.S. Hadi

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43 Citations (Scopus)


Square concrete-filled double steel tubular (CFDST) beam-columns consisting of an internal circular steel tube have increasingly been utilized in composite building structures because of their high structural performance. This paper describes experimental and numerical studies on the structural responses of square thin-walled CFDST columns loaded eccentrically. Tests on twenty short square CFDST columns were undertaken that included sixteen columns under eccentric loading and four columns under concentric loading. The parameters examined in the experiments included the cross-sectional dimensions, the width-to-thickness ratios of outer and internal tubes and loading eccentricity. The measured ultimate strengths, load-shortening responses, load-lateral displacement curves, stress-strain curves and observed failure modes are presented. A numerical model incorporating the fiber analysis is developed that predicts the moment-curvature responses and axial load-moment strength envelops of CFDST columns. The model explicitly accounts for the influences of the confinement exerted by the internal circular steel tube on the core concrete and the progressive post-local buckling of the external steel tube. Efficient computer algorithms implementing the inverse quadratic method is developed to produce converged solutions to the nonlinear dynamic equilibrium equations generated in the analysis. Measurements from the tests are employed to validate the proposed numerical model. It is shown that there is a good agreement between theory and experiment. The computer model is utilized to demonstrate the significance of various parameters on the behavior of thin-walled short CFDST beam-columns.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109419
Number of pages17
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Concrete-filled double steel tubes
  • Local and post-local buckling
  • Nonlinear analysis

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