Expansion behaviour of a binary solid-liquid fluidised bed with different solid mass ratio

Md. Shakhaoath Khan, Geoffrey M. Evans, Zhengbiao Peng, Elham Doroodchi, Behdad Moghtaderi, Jyeshtharaj B. Joshi, Subhasish Mitra

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This study reports the effect of particle mass compositions on the bed expansion behaviour of a binary solid liquid fluidised bed (SLFB) system. Experiments were performed comprising equal density (2230 kg m−3) spherical glass beads particles of diameter 3, 5 and 8 mm and water as fluidising medium with different particle mass ratios varying from 0.17 to 6.0. In the expanded bed, both segregated and intermixed zones were observed depending on the different particle diameter combinations. In a completely segregated SLFB, the bottom monosized layer exhibited a negative deviation ∼23% whereas a positive deviation ∼25% was found in the top monosized layer when compared with the corresponding pure monosized system. A small mixing zone spanning approximately two particle diameters thick was observed to exist even in a completely segregated SLFB for higher diameter ratio cases. A slight decrease in the mixing zone height was noted with increasing liquid superficial velocity. For lower diameter ratio cases, a relatively lager mixing zone height was observed which increased with increasing liquid superficial velocity. The bed expansion ratio was noted to decrease with increasing solid mass ratio however it increased with increase in the fluidising velocity ratio following a reasonable power law trend. The expanded bed height of the binary mixture was not entirely additive of its corresponding mono-component bed heights and both positive and negative deviations were observed. Finally, a two-dimensional (2D) Eulerian-Eulerian (E-E) model incorporating the kinetic theory of granular flow (KTGF) was used to quantify the binary system hydrodynamics. The model predicted expanded bed height agreed with experimental measurements within ±6% deviation. Presence of a mixing zone was also confirmed by the CFD model and simulated particle phase volume fraction distribution qualitatively agreed with the experimental visualisations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3111-3129
Number of pages19
JournalAdvanced Powder Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Bed expansion
  • Binary particle
  • CFD
  • Mixing
  • Segregation
  • Solid-liquid fluidisation

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