Expanding social inclusion in community sports organizations: Evidence from rural Australian football clubs

Lionel Frost, Margaret Lightbody, Abdel Halabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Australian Football clubs have traditionally been seen as contributing social benefits to the rural communities in which they are embedded. Declining numbers of participants, both players and volunteers, suggest that this role may not be as strong today. Critical explorations of the extent to which football has driven social inclusion and exclusion in such environments emphasizes a historic masculine culture of drinking and violence that segregates and marginalizes women and children. Less is known about the contemporary strategic efforts of clubs to use social capital to support their activities, and whether the resources they generate have positive impacts on social inclusion in the wider community. We use evidence from the Parliament of Victoria?s Inquiry into Country Football (2004) to explore the current focus of rural Australian Football clubs regarding social inclusion, in light of changes occurring in society and rural towns in the 21st century.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453 - 466
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Sport Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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