Exertional thermal strain, protective clothing and auxiliary cooling in dry heat: evidence for physiological but not cognitive impairment

Joanne N. Caldwell, Mark J Patterson, Nigel A S Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Individuals exposed to extreme heat may experience reduced physiological and cognitive performance, even during very light work. This can have disastrous effects on the operational capability of aircrew, but such impairment could be prevented by auxiliary cooling devices. This hypothesis was tested under very hot-dry conditions, in which eight males performed 2 h of low-intensity exercise ( 30 W) in three trials, whilst wearing biological and chemical protective clothing: temperate (control: 20 degrees C, 30 relative humidity) and two hot-dry trials (48 degrees C, 20 relative humidity), one without (experimental) and one with liquid cooling (water at 15 degrees C). Physiological strain and six cognitive functions were evaluated (MiniCog Rapid Assessment Battery), and participants drank to sustain hydration state. Maximal core temperatures averaged 37.0 degrees C (+/-0.1) in the control trial, and were significantly elevated in the experimental trial (38.9 degrees C +/- 0.3; P <0.05). Similarly, heart rates peaked at 92 beats min(-1) (+/-7) and 133 beats min(-1) (+/-4; P <0.05), respectively. Liquid cooling reduced maximal core temperatures (37.3 degrees C +/- 0.1; P <0.05) and heart rates 87 beats min(-1) (+/-3; P <0.05) in the heat, such that neither now differed significantly from the control trial (P > 0.05). However, despite inducing profound hyperthermia and volitional fatigue, no cognitive degradation was evident in the heat (P > 0.05). Since extensive dehydration was prevented, it appears that thermal strain in the absence of dehydration may have minimal impact upon cognitive function, at least as evaluated within this experiment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3597-3606
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume112
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

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title = "Exertional thermal strain, protective clothing and auxiliary cooling in dry heat: evidence for physiological but not cognitive impairment",
abstract = "Individuals exposed to extreme heat may experience reduced physiological and cognitive performance, even during very light work. This can have disastrous effects on the operational capability of aircrew, but such impairment could be prevented by auxiliary cooling devices. This hypothesis was tested under very hot-dry conditions, in which eight males performed 2 h of low-intensity exercise ( 30 W) in three trials, whilst wearing biological and chemical protective clothing: temperate (control: 20 degrees C, 30 relative humidity) and two hot-dry trials (48 degrees C, 20 relative humidity), one without (experimental) and one with liquid cooling (water at 15 degrees C). Physiological strain and six cognitive functions were evaluated (MiniCog Rapid Assessment Battery), and participants drank to sustain hydration state. Maximal core temperatures averaged 37.0 degrees C (+/-0.1) in the control trial, and were significantly elevated in the experimental trial (38.9 degrees C +/- 0.3; P <0.05). Similarly, heart rates peaked at 92 beats min(-1) (+/-7) and 133 beats min(-1) (+/-4; P <0.05), respectively. Liquid cooling reduced maximal core temperatures (37.3 degrees C +/- 0.1; P <0.05) and heart rates 87 beats min(-1) (+/-3; P <0.05) in the heat, such that neither now differed significantly from the control trial (P > 0.05). However, despite inducing profound hyperthermia and volitional fatigue, no cognitive degradation was evident in the heat (P > 0.05). Since extensive dehydration was prevented, it appears that thermal strain in the absence of dehydration may have minimal impact upon cognitive function, at least as evaluated within this experiment.",
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Exertional thermal strain, protective clothing and auxiliary cooling in dry heat: evidence for physiological but not cognitive impairment. / Caldwell, Joanne N.; Patterson, Mark J; Taylor, Nigel A S.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 112, No. 10, 2012, p. 3597-3606.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exertional thermal strain, protective clothing and auxiliary cooling in dry heat: evidence for physiological but not cognitive impairment

AU - Caldwell, Joanne N.

AU - Patterson, Mark J

AU - Taylor, Nigel A S

PY - 2012

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N2 - Individuals exposed to extreme heat may experience reduced physiological and cognitive performance, even during very light work. This can have disastrous effects on the operational capability of aircrew, but such impairment could be prevented by auxiliary cooling devices. This hypothesis was tested under very hot-dry conditions, in which eight males performed 2 h of low-intensity exercise ( 30 W) in three trials, whilst wearing biological and chemical protective clothing: temperate (control: 20 degrees C, 30 relative humidity) and two hot-dry trials (48 degrees C, 20 relative humidity), one without (experimental) and one with liquid cooling (water at 15 degrees C). Physiological strain and six cognitive functions were evaluated (MiniCog Rapid Assessment Battery), and participants drank to sustain hydration state. Maximal core temperatures averaged 37.0 degrees C (+/-0.1) in the control trial, and were significantly elevated in the experimental trial (38.9 degrees C +/- 0.3; P <0.05). Similarly, heart rates peaked at 92 beats min(-1) (+/-7) and 133 beats min(-1) (+/-4; P <0.05), respectively. Liquid cooling reduced maximal core temperatures (37.3 degrees C +/- 0.1; P <0.05) and heart rates 87 beats min(-1) (+/-3; P <0.05) in the heat, such that neither now differed significantly from the control trial (P > 0.05). However, despite inducing profound hyperthermia and volitional fatigue, no cognitive degradation was evident in the heat (P > 0.05). Since extensive dehydration was prevented, it appears that thermal strain in the absence of dehydration may have minimal impact upon cognitive function, at least as evaluated within this experiment.

AB - Individuals exposed to extreme heat may experience reduced physiological and cognitive performance, even during very light work. This can have disastrous effects on the operational capability of aircrew, but such impairment could be prevented by auxiliary cooling devices. This hypothesis was tested under very hot-dry conditions, in which eight males performed 2 h of low-intensity exercise ( 30 W) in three trials, whilst wearing biological and chemical protective clothing: temperate (control: 20 degrees C, 30 relative humidity) and two hot-dry trials (48 degrees C, 20 relative humidity), one without (experimental) and one with liquid cooling (water at 15 degrees C). Physiological strain and six cognitive functions were evaluated (MiniCog Rapid Assessment Battery), and participants drank to sustain hydration state. Maximal core temperatures averaged 37.0 degrees C (+/-0.1) in the control trial, and were significantly elevated in the experimental trial (38.9 degrees C +/- 0.3; P <0.05). Similarly, heart rates peaked at 92 beats min(-1) (+/-7) and 133 beats min(-1) (+/-4; P <0.05), respectively. Liquid cooling reduced maximal core temperatures (37.3 degrees C +/- 0.1; P <0.05) and heart rates 87 beats min(-1) (+/-3; P <0.05) in the heat, such that neither now differed significantly from the control trial (P > 0.05). However, despite inducing profound hyperthermia and volitional fatigue, no cognitive degradation was evident in the heat (P > 0.05). Since extensive dehydration was prevented, it appears that thermal strain in the absence of dehydration may have minimal impact upon cognitive function, at least as evaluated within this experiment.

UR - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22328005

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EP - 3606

JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology

JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 10

ER -