Exercise training for the modification of arterial stiffness and wave reflections

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

Abstract

Clinically significant modulating effects of lifestyle factors on both age- and disease-related arterial stiffening - particularly those relating to habitual physical activity - are widely recognised. Consequently, exercise training may represent an important strategy in the non-pharmacological treatment of arterial stiffening and related complications - often apparent even at an early stage of the cardiometabolic disease continuum. Observational and interventional data relevant to this context are reviewed in the current chapter. Arterial de-stiffening certainly appears achievable with aerobic exercise in young adults, and may even begin at a lower volume threshold than current exercise guidelines. However, the response in older individuals and those with cardiovascular risk factors appears highly variable. Where short-term training adaptations are evident (weeks to months), these probably reflect functional mechanisms related to blood pressure-lowering. Intrinsic changes in arterial wall structure are difficult to assess in humans, but may be possible when exercise is commenced in young adulthood and performed continually throughout the life course. Resistance training promotes arterial stiffening at high intensities, but may otherwise have a neutral or beneficial effect - particularly in combination with aerobic exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBlood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in Cardiovascular Diseases
PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd.
Pages541-552
Number of pages12
Volume9781447151982
ISBN (Electronic)9781447151982
ISBN (Print)1447151984, 9781447151975
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aerobic Exercise
  • Aortic Stiffness
  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Exercise
  • Pulse Wave Analysis
  • Pulse Wave Velocity
  • Resistance Training
  • Vascular Stiffness

Cite this

Sacre, J. W., & Kingwell, B. A. (2014). Exercise training for the modification of arterial stiffness and wave reflections. In Blood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in Cardiovascular Diseases (Vol. 9781447151982, pp. 541-552). Springer-Verlag London Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-5198-2_45
Sacre, Julian W. ; Kingwell, Bronwyn A. / Exercise training for the modification of arterial stiffness and wave reflections. Blood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in Cardiovascular Diseases. Vol. 9781447151982 Springer-Verlag London Ltd., 2014. pp. 541-552
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Sacre, JW & Kingwell, BA 2014, Exercise training for the modification of arterial stiffness and wave reflections. in Blood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in Cardiovascular Diseases. vol. 9781447151982, Springer-Verlag London Ltd., pp. 541-552. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-5198-2_45

Exercise training for the modification of arterial stiffness and wave reflections. / Sacre, Julian W.; Kingwell, Bronwyn A.

Blood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in Cardiovascular Diseases. Vol. 9781447151982 Springer-Verlag London Ltd., 2014. p. 541-552.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

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Sacre JW, Kingwell BA. Exercise training for the modification of arterial stiffness and wave reflections. In Blood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in Cardiovascular Diseases. Vol. 9781447151982. Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2014. p. 541-552 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-5198-2_45