Excision margins and sentinel lymph node status as prognostic factors in thick melanoma of the head and neck: A retrospective analysis

Olivia Ruskin, Alexandra Sanelli, Alan Herschtal, Angela Webb, Ben Dixon, Miklos Pohl, Simon Donahoe, John Spillane, Michael A. Henderson, David E. Gyorki

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Recommended margins for thick cutaneous melanoma (Breslow thickness >4 mm; T4) have decreased over recent decades. Optimal margins and the role of sentinel node biopsy (SNB) in thick head and neck melanoma remain controversial. Methods: A single-center review was conducted of patients treated between 2002 and 2012 assessing the impact of excision margins and sentinel lymph node status on locoregional recurrence and melanoma-specific survival (MSS). Results: One hundred eight patients were identified. Median age was 71.1 years and median Breslow thickness was 6.0 mm. Median follow-up was 40 months. Locoregional recurrence occurred in 27% and there was no significant reduction in recurrence with margins ≥2 cm (p =.17). Increasing margins did not improve survival (p =.58). Fifty-nine patients (55%) underwent SNB, of which 27% were positive. There was a trend toward longer survival for patients who were sentinel lymph node-negative (p =.097). Conclusion: Wider margins do not significantly improve locoregional recurrence or MSS. Sentinel lymph node involvement reflects a poor prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1373-1379
Number of pages7
JournalHead and Neck
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • head and neck
  • margins
  • melanoma
  • sentinel lymph node
  • thick

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