The effects of acute exercise on plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), arginine vasopressin (AVP), and plasma renin activity (PRA) were studied in 13 patients with previously untreated essential hypertension, and 8 matched normotensive control subjects. Resting levels of ANP and PRA were similar in the two groups, while resting AVP concentrations were 1.4 times higher in hypertensive subjects. Graded exercise was performed on a bicycle ergometer with workload increased each minute until exhaustion (Wmax). Wmax was higher in normal subjects than in hypertensive patients. Blood pressure and heart rate rose more steeply in hypertensive patients. Plasma ANP increased during acute exercise in both groups, but the average increase in hypertensives was substantially greater than in normal subjects (P < 0.05). The increase in ANP during exercise was greater in hypertensives with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, and there was a positive correlation between LV mass and the percentage rise in ANP during exercise (r = 0.56, P < 0.005). Plasma AVP did not alter during exercise. Plasma renin concentrations showed a small rise during exercise in both groups, which was 16% less in hypertensive subjects (P < 0.05). The enhancement of ANP release during exercise in hypertensive subjects may reflect both cardiac structural changes and increased redistribution of blood to the cardiopulmonary compartment.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Human Hypertension|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|