Evolution of phase morphology and 'network-like' structure of multiwall carbon nanotubes in binary polymer blends during melt-mixing

Amrita V. Poyekar, Arup Ranjan Bhattacharyya, Ajay Singh Panwar, George P. Simon

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polyamide6 (PA6)/acrylonitrile butadiene styrene copolymer (ABS) blends with unmodified multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were prepared via melt-blending in a conical twin-screw micro-compounder with varying meltmixing time. To improve the state of dispersion of MWNTs, non-covalent organic modifiers for MWNTs have been utilized: sodium salt of 6-amino hexanoic acid (Na-AHA) and 1-pyrene-carboxaldehyde (PyCHO). PA6/ABS blends with MWNTs have shown a phase morphology transition from ‘matrix-dispersed droplet’ type to ‘co-continuous’ type as a function of melt-mixing time with the exception of 40/60 PA6/ABS blend with PyCHO-modified MWNTs. Non-isothermal crystallization studies revealed the heterogeneous nucleating action of MWNTs through the presence of double crystallization exothermic peaks (at 192C and>200C) while pure PA6 shows bulk crystallization peak at 192C. 40/60 and 60/40 (wt/wt) PA6/ABS blends with 5 wt% unmodified MWNTs exhibited electrical conductivity values of 3.9 3 10211 S/cm and 4.36 3 1026 S/cm, respectively. A significant enhancement in electrical conductivity was observed with Na-AHA and PyCHO-modified MWNTs (order of 1026 and 1024 S/cm, respectively).POLYM. ENG. SCI., 55:429–442, 2015.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429 - 442
Number of pages14
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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