Evidence of panel stationarity from Chinese provincial and regional income

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The aim of this paper is to examine whether Chinese provincial and regional real GDP and per capita real GDP are panel stationary for the period 1952-2003. We allow for multiple structural breaks based on a technique developed by Carrion-i-Silvestre et al. [Carrion-i-Silvestre, J. L., Barrio-Castro, T, D., & Lopez-Bazo, E. (2005). Breaking the panels: An application to the GDP per capita. Econometrics Journal, 8, 159-175]. Allowing for at most five structural breaks, we find that for 67% of the provinces, per capita real GDP is stationary; while we only find stationarity of real GDP for 17% of the provinces. However, when we extend the analysis to panel data models, we find statistically strong evidence of panel stationarity of Chinese provincial and regional income.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-286
Number of pages13
JournalChina Economic Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Chinese provinces
  • Panel stationarity
  • Real GDP

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