### Abstract

In-flight reduction technology is a flexible process that allows recycling of the fine iron bearing metallurgical dusts efficiently. In this work, a mathematical model, incorporating introduced experimental kinetic parameters, was developed to accurately evaluate the reduction behavior of blast furnace (BF) dust particles during flight. A detailed evaluation of particle residence time, thermal history and reduction degree conversion were used to eliminate the deviations related to the assumptions of constant particle velocity and temperature in the experiment. The results show that the particle velocity decreases along the longitudinal direction of the reactor for a long distance and reaches a constant low velocity at the middle part of the reaction zone. The calculated particle residence time is 0.15–0.44 s less than the experimentally estimated value. The particle temperature reaches the isothermal temperature at the 0.15 m position from the reaction zone bottom. An obvious transition of reduction degree of dust particle is found when particle temperature reaches over 1640 K. The prediction accuracy of the model was improved by using the optimized kinetic parameters, namely pre-exponential factor and activation energy.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 535-552 |

Number of pages | 18 |

Journal | Applied Mathematical Modelling |

Volume | 75 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Nov 2019 |

### Keywords

- BF dust particle
- In-flight process
- Reduction degree
- Residence time
- Thermal history

### Cite this

*Applied Mathematical Modelling*,

*75*, 535-552. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2019.05.048

}

*Applied Mathematical Modelling*, vol. 75, pp. 535-552. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2019.05.048

**Evaluation of reduction behavior of blast furnace dust particles during in-flight process with experiment aided mathematical modeling.** / Xu, Jin; Wang, Nan; Chen, Min; Zhou, Zongyan; Wang, Pengfei.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Research › peer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of reduction behavior of blast furnace dust particles during in-flight process with experiment aided mathematical modeling

AU - Xu, Jin

AU - Wang, Nan

AU - Chen, Min

AU - Zhou, Zongyan

AU - Wang, Pengfei

PY - 2019/11/1

Y1 - 2019/11/1

N2 - In-flight reduction technology is a flexible process that allows recycling of the fine iron bearing metallurgical dusts efficiently. In this work, a mathematical model, incorporating introduced experimental kinetic parameters, was developed to accurately evaluate the reduction behavior of blast furnace (BF) dust particles during flight. A detailed evaluation of particle residence time, thermal history and reduction degree conversion were used to eliminate the deviations related to the assumptions of constant particle velocity and temperature in the experiment. The results show that the particle velocity decreases along the longitudinal direction of the reactor for a long distance and reaches a constant low velocity at the middle part of the reaction zone. The calculated particle residence time is 0.15–0.44 s less than the experimentally estimated value. The particle temperature reaches the isothermal temperature at the 0.15 m position from the reaction zone bottom. An obvious transition of reduction degree of dust particle is found when particle temperature reaches over 1640 K. The prediction accuracy of the model was improved by using the optimized kinetic parameters, namely pre-exponential factor and activation energy.

AB - In-flight reduction technology is a flexible process that allows recycling of the fine iron bearing metallurgical dusts efficiently. In this work, a mathematical model, incorporating introduced experimental kinetic parameters, was developed to accurately evaluate the reduction behavior of blast furnace (BF) dust particles during flight. A detailed evaluation of particle residence time, thermal history and reduction degree conversion were used to eliminate the deviations related to the assumptions of constant particle velocity and temperature in the experiment. The results show that the particle velocity decreases along the longitudinal direction of the reactor for a long distance and reaches a constant low velocity at the middle part of the reaction zone. The calculated particle residence time is 0.15–0.44 s less than the experimentally estimated value. The particle temperature reaches the isothermal temperature at the 0.15 m position from the reaction zone bottom. An obvious transition of reduction degree of dust particle is found when particle temperature reaches over 1640 K. The prediction accuracy of the model was improved by using the optimized kinetic parameters, namely pre-exponential factor and activation energy.

KW - BF dust particle

KW - In-flight process

KW - Reduction degree

KW - Residence time

KW - Thermal history

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067011454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apm.2019.05.048

DO - 10.1016/j.apm.2019.05.048

M3 - Article

VL - 75

SP - 535

EP - 552

JO - Applied Mathematical Modelling

JF - Applied Mathematical Modelling

SN - 0307-904X

ER -