Evaluation of Meropenem-Ciprofloxacin Combination Dosage Regimens for the Pharmacokinetics of Critically Ill Patients With Augmented Renal Clearance

Akosua A. Agyeman, Kate E. Rogers, Jessica R. Tait, Phillip J. Bergen, Carl M. Kirkpatrick, Steven C. Wallis, Jürgen B. Bulitta, David L. Paterson, Jeffrey Lipman, Roger L. Nation, Jason A. Roberts, Cornelia B. Landersdorfer

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Abstract

Augmented renal clearance (ARC, creatinine clearance > 130 mL/minute) makes difficult achievement of effective concentrations of renally cleared antibiotics in critically ill patients. This study examined the synergistic killing and resistance suppression for meropenem-ciprofloxacin combination dosage regimens against Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates within the context of ARC. Clinically relevant meropenem and ciprofloxacin concentrations, alone and in combinations, were studied against three clinical isolates with a range of susceptibilities to each of the antibiotics. Isolate Pa1280 was susceptible to both meropenem and ciprofloxacin, Pa1284 had intermediate susceptibility to meropenem and was susceptible to ciprofloxacin, and CR380 was resistant to meropenem and had intermediate susceptibility to ciprofloxacin. Initially, isolates were studied in 72-hour static-concentration time-kill (SCTK) studies. Subsequently, the pharmacokinetic profiles expected in patients with ARC receiving dosage regimens, including at the highest approved daily doses (meropenem 6 g daily divided and administered as 0.5-hour infusions every 8 hours, or as a continuous infusion; ciprofloxacin 0.4 g as 1-hour infusions every 8 hours), were examined in a dynamic hollow-fiber infection model (HFIM) over 7–10 days. In both SCTK and HFIM, combination regimens were generally synergistic and suppressed growth of less-susceptible subpopulations, these effects being smaller for isolate CR380. The time-courses of total and less-susceptible bacterial populations in the HFIM were well-described by mechanism-based models, which enabled conduct of Monte Carlo simulations to predict likely effectiveness of approved dosage regimens at different creatinine clearances. Optimized meropenem-ciprofloxacin combination dosage regimens may be a viable consideration for P. aeruginosa infections in critically ill patients with ARC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1104-1115
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Volume109
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

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