Evaluation of learning from Practical Obstetric Multi-Professional Training and its impact on patient outcomes in Australia using Kirkpatrick's framework: A mixed methods study

Arunaz Kumar, Sam Sturrock, Euan M Wallace, Debra Nestel, Donna Lucey, Sally Stoyles, Jenny Morgan, Peter Neil, Michelle Schlipalius, Philip Dekoninck

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16 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the Practical Obstetric Multi-Professional Training (PROMPT) simulation using the Kirkpatrick's framework. We explored participants' acquisition of knowledge and skills, its impact on clinical outcomes and organisational change to integrate the PROMPT programme as a credentialing tool. We also aimed to assess participants' perception of usefulness of PROMPT in their clinical practice. Study design Mixed methods approach with a pre-test/post-test design. Setting Healthcare network providing obstetric care in Victoria, Australia. Participants Medical and midwifery staff attending PROMPT between 2013 and 2015 (n=508); clinical outcomes were evaluated in two cohorts: 2011-2012 (n=15 361 births) and 2014-2015 (n=12 388 births). Intervention Attendance of the PROMPT programme, a simulation programme taught in multidisciplinary teams to facilitate teaching emergency obstetric skills. Main outcome measure Clinical outcomes compared before and after embedding PROMPT in educational practice. Secondary outcome measure Assessment of knowledge gained by participants through a qualitative analysis and description of process of embedding PROMPT in educational practice. Results There was a change in the management of postpartum haemorrhage by early recognition and intervention. The key learning themes described by participants were being prepared with a prior understanding of procedures and equipment, communication, leadership and learning in a safe, supportive environment. Participants reported a positive learning experience and increase in confidence in managing emergency obstetric situations through the PROMPT programme, which was perceived as a realistic demonstration of the emergencies. Conclusion Participants reported an improvement of both clinical and non-technical skills highlighting principles of teamwork, communication, leadership and prioritisation in an emergency situation. An improvement was observed in management of postpartum haemorrhage, but no significant change was noted in clinical outcomes over a 2-year period after PROMPT. However, the skills acquired by medical and midwifery staff justify embedding PROMPT in educational programmes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere017451
Number of pages9
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2018


  • evaluation
  • interprofessional education
  • interprofessional learning
  • patient outcome
  • simulation

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