Evaluation of health care reform impact on cancer patients total out of pocket: a pilot-center experience in Islamic Republic of Iran

F. Sarkhanloo, P. Zaboli, M. Saeedi, G. Janbabai, S. Nikfar, K. Morteza-Semnani, E. Rohani, N. Ayati

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives
In Islamic Republic of Iran, due to increasing incidence of cancer and its high treatment costs, health sector policy makers tried to design and implement a supportive healthcare plan. Therefor Iran `s healthcare reform has been implemented since May, 2014. One of the most important objectives of this reform is to reduce hospitalized patients` out of pocket (OOP). This study aims to evaluate this reform performance in one of the pilot referral centers which is Imam Khomeini governmental hospital, Sari, Mazandaran.
Methods
In this retrospective study, study population included all cancer patients (7 cancer groups) who were admitted in this referral center, in the first six-month of 2013 and 2014 as a control and case representative, respectively. Patients` costs were analyzed and interpreted in various subgroups. Data analysis was done by Excel 2013, SPSS 21st version software
Results
Around 778 and 707 cases were enrolled to study for 2013 and 2014, respectively. Patients' OOP in terms of total treatment cost was reduced significantly in 2014 after healthcare reform implementation which was approximately 12.7% and 3.02% in 2013 and 2014, respectively. On average 11.5% health subsidized was obtained for each patient through health care reform.
Conclusions
In comparison with other developing countries, cancer patients` OOP is still a huge amount in Iran. Regarding to these patients' high treatment costs, paying attention to prevention is useful to reduce treatment expenditures. Screening programs are needed to be covered in health system reform plan. As a result, to reduce patients` costs, there is still room for revision in the field of healthcare. According to Ministry of Labor’s basic wage announcement, this patients OOP includes more than half of their annual income. Future research is needed to evaluate whether these amount of OOP is catastrophic or not.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A880
Number of pages1
JournalValue in Health
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

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