Background: Achieving and maintaining dry weight appears to be an effective strategy for controlling and maintaining normotension among hypertensive patients on hemodialysis (HD). Objective: The present study aimed to determine the time at which the majority of patients achieve postdialysis dry weight using bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS). Methods: A total of 220 HD patients were prospectively assessed for fluid overload using the Fresenius body composition monitor (BCM). BCM readings were taken at 30 and 45 min postdialysis. Results: Among the 220 patients included in this study, 120 (54.5%) achieved a euvolemic state at 30 min, and 25 (11.4%) achieved it at 45 min according to the BCM. In the multivariate analysis, vascular access other than arteriovenous fistula (AVF) (OR = 0.286, p value = 0.049) and cardiovascular disease (OR = 0.384, p value = 0.026) had a statistically significant negative association and receiving HD at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) (OR = 2.705, p value = 0.008) had a statistically significant positive association with achieving a euvolemic state at 30 min. Conclusion: This suggests that assessing the hydration status at 45 min postdialysis in all patients or in those with identified risk factors for not achieving a euvolemic state at 30 min will provide a relatively accurate assessment for most patients.
- Body composition monitor
- Dry weight