Evaluation of diagnostic tools that tertiary teachers can apply to profile their students’ conceptions

Madeleine Schultz, Gwendolyn A. Lawrie, Chantal H. Bailey, Simon B. Bedford, Tim R. Dargaville, Glennys O'Brien, Roy Tasker, Christopher D Thompson, Mark Williams, Anthony H. Wright

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13 Citations (Scopus)


A multi-institution collaborative team of Australian chemistry education researchers, teaching a total of over 3000 first year chemistry students annually, has explored a tool for diagnosing students' prior conceptions as they enter tertiary chemistry courses. Five core topics were selected and clusters of diagnostic items were assembled linking related concepts in each topic together. An ordered multiple choice assessment strategy was adopted to enable provision of formative feedback to students through combination of the specific distractors that they chose. Concept items were either sourced from existing research instruments or developed by the project team. The outcome is a diagnostic tool consisting of five topic clusters of five concept items that has been delivered in large introductory chemistry classes at five Australian institutions. Statistical analysis of data has enabled exploration of the composition and validity of the instrument including a comparison between delivery of the complete 25 item instrument with subsets of five items, clustered by topic. This analysis revealed that most items retained their validity when delivered in small clusters. Tensions between the assembly, validation and delivery of diagnostic instruments for the purposes of acquiring robust psychometric research data versus their pragmatic use are considered in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-586
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Science Education
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Concept diagnostic instrument
  • general chemistry
  • ordered multiple choice
  • psychometric analysis

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