Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Pilot 30-hour Basic Palliative Care Training Program in Malaysia

Yen Ching Siow, Mark Wing Loong Cheong, Kai Siang Lim, Santelaksmii Mahalinggam, Cindy Cy Oun Teoh

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review


Background: Delivering palliative care as a part of universal health coverage requires a critical mass of healthcare professionals that are able to deliver palliative care at the basic, intermediate, and specialist level. Basic training programs are important for increasing the health system’s capacity to provide palliative care. Currently, only specialist-level training program are available in Malaysia.

Aims: To evaluate the effect of the training program on the participants’ interest, knowledge, and their preparedness to deliver basic-level palliative care.

Methods: We developed a 30-hour training program for physicians without palliative care training. The training was conducted over 6 months using a mix of bedside teaching, case-based learning, hands-on practice, along with a mentor-mentee system.

To evaluate the effect of the training, surveys were conducted at 3 points: pre-training, at the completion of the training (post-training), and 3 months after the training (3-months post-training). The survey measured changes in the participant’s interest, knowledge, and preparedness. The survey used a mix of True/False questions, and 5-point Likert scales (1 = lowest, 5 = highest). Pre-training and post-training results were compared to observe for the training effect. The post-training and 3-months post-training results were also compared to observe for sustained effects. Paired t-tests and Friedman’s Two-Way Analysis of Variance by Ranks were used for analysis.

Results: 38 physicians participated in the training program. The results of the training are described below:

Conclusion: The results suggest that a basic 30-hour training program can be effective in improving the participants’ interest, preparedness, and knowledge of palliative care. These improvements were also sustained for 3 months post-training. The learning methods and the mentor-mentee system used are effective and affordable methods that can be scaled up to train more healthcare professionals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98
Number of pages1
JournalPalliative Medicine
Issue numberSuppl 1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sept 2021
EventWorld Congress of the European Association of Palliative Care 2021: Exploring New Dimensions - online
Duration: 6 Oct 20218 Oct 2021
Conference number: 17th

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