Evaluating health-related quality of life and subjective wellbeing among infertility patients: a cross-sectional study in mainland China

Zhao Shi, Hongwei Nie, Ling Geng, Xuewen Wang, Gang Chen, Shunping Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Purpose: This study aimed to explore the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and subjective wellbeing (SWB) of infertility patients in mainland China and to investigate the relationships between HRQoL and SWB instruments in infertility patients. Methods: We conducted this cross-sectional study in the Hospital for Reproductive Medicine Affiliated of Shandong University between April 2019 and November 2019. Participants self-completed the five-level EQ-5D (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire, the Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL)-8D, and the WHO-5 wellbeing index (WHO-5). The agreements between EQ-5D-5L and AQoL-8D were assessed employing intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman plots. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted to examine the difference in descriptive systems among the three instruments. Results: We analyzed a valid sample of 618 infertility patients (84.4%). The mean scores of the total EQ-5D-5L, AQoL-8D, and WHO-5 were 0.96 (95%CI 0.96, 0.96), 0.80 (95%CI 0.79, 0.81), and 16.92 (95%CI 16.52, 17.31), respectively. Patients diagnosed with primary infertility had significantly lower HRQoL and SWB than those with secondary infertility. The ICC of EQ-5D-5L and AQoL-8D was 0.14. The AQoL-8D (r = 0.625) was more strongly correlated with WHO-5 than with the EQ-5D-5L (r = 0.262). The EFA results indicated that HRQoL instruments and the WHO-5 instruments were complementary rather than substitutable. Conclusions: Poorer HRQoL and SWB were found that primary than secondary infertility patients. There exists a poor agreement between EQ-5D-5L and AQoL-8D and the difference in the psychosocial components may explain the difference. Measuring both HRQoL and SWB could provide complementary information for infertility patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1469-1480
Number of pages12
JournalQuality of Life Research
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • China
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Infertility
  • Subjective wellbeing

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