Ethnic neighbourhoods in Auckland, New Zealand

Hiromi Ishizawa, Dharmalingam Arunachalam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Using the 2006 New Zealand Census data, we examine the spatial clustering of the four largest ethnic minority groups, Chinese, Indian, Maori and Samoan in Auckland. To guide our analysis, we employ three theoretical models: the immigrant enclave, ethnic community and place stratification models: that have helped explain the residential patterns of ethnic minority groups in immigrant destination countries. The results of spatial autocorrelation analysis show that all four ethnic minority groups form ethnic neighbourhoods. Indian neighbourhoods are more reflective of the immigrant enclave model as these neighbourhoods are socio economically impoverished and have a higher percentage of foreign born. On the other hand, Chinese neighbourhoods are better explained by the ethnic community model, which describes an ethnic neighbourhood based more on preference than economic necessity. While the overall findings conform to patterns found in other countries, the severely socially deprived characteristics of Samoan and Maori neighbourhoods are reflective of the place stratification model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417 - 436
Number of pages20
JournalUrban Policy and Research
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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