Ethnic differences in bone geometry between White, Black and South Asian men in the UK

A. Zengin, S. R. Pye, M. J. Cook, J. E. Adams, F. C. W. Wu, T. W. O'Neill, K. A. Ward

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23 Citations (Scopus)


Relatively little is known about the bone health of ethnic groups within the UK and data are largely restricted to women. The aim of this study was to investigate ethnic differences in areal bone mineral density (aBMD), volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), bone geometry and strength in UK men. White European, Black Afro-Caribbean and South Asian men aged over 40 years were recruited from Greater Manchester, UK. aBMD at the spine, hip, femoral neck and whole body were measured by DXA. Bone geometry, strength and vBMD were measured at the radius and tibia using pQCT at the metaphysis (4%) and diaphysis (50% radius; 38% tibia) sites. Adjustments were made for age, weight and height. Black men had higher aBMD at the whole body, total hip and femoral neck compared to White and South Asian men independent of body size adjustments, with no differences between the latter two groups. White men had longer hip axis lengths than both Black and South Asian men. There were fewer differences in vBMD but White men had significantly lower cortical vBMD at the tibial diaphysis than Black and South Asian men (p 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-185
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • Bone
  • DXA
  • Ethnicity
  • Geometry
  • pQCT

Cite this

Zengin, A., Pye, S. R., Cook, M. J., Adams, J. E., Wu, F. C. W., O'Neill, T. W., & Ward, K. A. (2016). Ethnic differences in bone geometry between White, Black and South Asian men in the UK. Bone, 91, 180-185.