Estrogens and gonadal function in schizophrenia and related psychoses

Anita Riecher-Rossler, Jayashri Kulkarni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


Recent research has increasingly pointed to the importance of estrogens and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in schizophrenia. Specifically, there is mounting evidence from clinical, epidemiological, and basic research that estradiol, the main component of estrogens, exerts protective effects in schizophrenia and related psychoses. Possible modes of action of this hormone in the brain have been suggested, and clinical intervention studies have reported the first positive results. Furthermore, there are an increasing number of reports on gonadal dysfunction and states of estrogen deficiency in women with schizophrenia. These findings could have important implications for clinicians and researchers alike. ? Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155 - 171
Number of pages17
JournalCurrent Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Cite this