Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality: methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study

Spencer L. James, Chris D. Castle, Zachary V. Dingels, Jack T. Fox, Erin B. Hamilton, Zichen Liu, Nicholas L.S. Roberts, Dillon O. Sylte, Gregory J. Bertolacci, Matthew Cunningham, Nathaniel J. Henry, Kate E. LeGrand, Ahmed Abdelalim, Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Aidin Abedi, Kedir Hussein Abegaz, Akine Eshete Abosetugn, Abdelrahman I. Abushouk, Oladimeji M. AdebayoJose C. Adsuar, Shailesh M. Advani, Marcela Agudelo-Botero, Tauseef Ahmad, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Rushdia Ahmed, Miloud Taki Eddine Aichour, Fares Alahdab, Fahad Mashhour Alanezi, Niguse Meles Alema, Biresaw Wassihun Alemu, Suliman A. Alghnam, Beriwan Abdulqadir Ali, Saqib Ali, Cyrus Alinia, Vahid Alipour, Syed Mohamed Aljunid, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Nihad A. Almasri, Khalid Altirkawi, Yasser Sami Abdeldayem Amer, Catalina Liliana Andrei, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Davood Anvari, Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah, Jalal Arabloo, Morteza Arab-Zozani, Zohreh Arefi, Olatunde Aremu, Filippo Ariani, Amit Arora, Malke Asaad, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Getinet Ayano, Martin Amogre Ayanore, Ghasem Azarian, Alaa Badawi, Ashish D. Badiye, Atif Amin Baig, Mohan Bairwa, Ahad Bakhtiari, Arun Balachandran, Maciej Banach, Srikanta K. Banerjee, Palash Chandra Banik, Amrit Banstola, Suzanne Lyn Barker-Collo, Till Winfried Bärnighausen, Akbar Barzegar, Mohsen Bayati, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Neeraj Bedi, Masoud Behzadifar, Habte Belete, Derrick A. Bennett, Isabela M. Bensenor, Kidanemaryam Berhe, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Pankaj Bhardwaj, Anusha Ganapati Bhat, Krittika Bhattacharyya, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Sadia Bibi, Ali Bijani, Archith Boloor, Guilherme Borges, Rohan Borschmann, Antonio Maria Borzì, Soufiane Boufous, Dejana Braithwaite, Nikolay Ivanovich Briko, Traolach Brugha, Shyam S. Budhathoki, Josip Car, Rosario Cárdenas, Félix Carvalho, João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Carlos A. Castañeda-Orjuela, Giulio Castelpietra, Ferrán Catalá-López, Ester Cerin, Joht S. Chandan, Jens Robert Chapman, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Soosanna Kumary Chattu, Irini Chatziralli, Neha Chaudhary, Daniel Youngwhan Cho, Jee Young J. Choi, Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury, Devasahayam J. Christopher, Dinh Toi Chu, Flavia M. Cicuttini, João M. Coelho, Vera M. Costa, Saad M.A. Dahlawi, Ahmad Daryani, Claudio Alberto Dávila-Cervantes, Diego De Leo, Feleke Mekonnen Demeke, Gebre Teklemariam Demoz, Desalegn Getnet Demsie, Kebede Deribe, Rupak Desai, Mostafa Dianati Nasab, Diana Dias da Silva, Zahra Sadat Dibaji Forooshani, Hoa Thi Do, Kerrie E. Doyle, Tim Robert Driscoll, Eleonora Dubljanin, Bereket Duko Adema, Arielle Wilder Eagan, Demelash Abewa Elemineh, Shaimaa I. El-Jaafary, Ziad El-Khatib, Christian Lycke Ellingsen, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Sharareh Eskandarieh, Oghenowede Eyawo, Pawan Sirwan Faris, Andre Faro, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Eduarda Fernandes, Pietro Ferrara, Florian Fischer, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Artem Alekseevich Fomenkov, Masoud Foroutan, Joel Msafiri Francis, Richard Charles Franklin, Takeshi Fukumoto, Biniyam Sahiledengle Geberemariyam, Hadush Gebremariam, Ketema Bizuwork Gebremedhin, Leake G. Gebremeskel, Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel, Berhe Gebremichael, Getnet Azeze Gedefaw, Birhanu Geta, Agegnehu Bante Getenet, Mansour Ghafourifard, Farhad Ghamari, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh, Asadollah Gholamian, Syed Amir Gilani, Tiffany K. Gill, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Alessandra C. Goulart, Ayman Grada, Michal Grivna, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Yuming Guo, Gaurav Gupta, Juanita A. Haagsma, Brian James Hall, Randah R. Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Demelash Woldeyohannes Handiso, Josep Maria Haro, Amir Hasanzadeh, Shoaib Hassan, Soheil Hassanipour, Hadi Hassankhani, Hamid Yimam Hassen, Rasmus Havmoeller, Delia Hendrie, Fatemeh Heydarpour, Martha Híjar, Hung Chak Ho, Chi Linh Hoang, Michael K. Hole, Ramesh Holla, Naznin Hossain, Mehdi Hosseinzadeh, Sorin Hostiuc, Guoqing Hu, Segun Emmanuel Ibitoye, Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi, Leeberk Raja Inbaraj, Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani, M. Mofizul Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Rebecca Q. Ivers, Mohammad Ali Jahani, Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Farzad Jalilian, Sudha Jayaraman, Achala Upendra Jayatilleke, Ravi Prakash Jha, Yetunde O. John-Akinola, Jost B. Jonas, Kelly M. Jones, Nitin Joseph, Farahnaz Joukar, Jacek Jerzy Jozwiak, Suresh Banayya Jungari, Mikk Jürisson, Ali Kabir, Amaha Kahsay, Leila R. Kalankesh, Rohollah Kalhor, Teshome Abegaz Kamil, Tanuj Kanchan, Neeti Kapoor, Manoochehr Karami, Amir Kasaeian, Hagazi Gebremedhin Kassaye, Taras Kavetskyy, Gbenga A. Kayode, Peter Njenga Keiyoro, Abraham Getachew Kelbore, Yousef Saleh Khader, Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie, Nauman Khalid, Ibrahim A. Khalil, Rovshan Khalilov, Maseer Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Junaid Khan, Tripti Khanna, Salman Khazaei, Habibolah Khazaie, Roba Khundkar, Daniel N. Kiirithio, Ronan A. Lyons, Trang Huyen Nguyen, Richard Ofori-Asenso, Shandy Li, Shaun Wen Huey Lee, Sojib Zaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: While there is a long history of measuring death and disability from injuries, modern research methods must account for the wide spectrum of disability that can occur in an injury, and must provide estimates with sufficient demographic, geographical and temporal detail to be useful for policy makers. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 study used methods to provide highly detailed estimates of global injury burden that meet these criteria. METHODS: In this study, we report and discuss the methods used in GBD 2017 for injury morbidity and mortality burden estimation. In summary, these methods included estimating cause-specific mortality for every cause of injury, and then estimating incidence for every cause of injury. Non-fatal disability for each cause is then calculated based on the probabilities of suffering from different types of bodily injury experienced. RESULTS: GBD 2017 produced morbidity and mortality estimates for 38 causes of injury. Estimates were produced in terms of incidence, prevalence, years lived with disability, cause-specific mortality, years of life lost and disability-adjusted life-years for a 28-year period for 22 age groups, 195 countries and both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: GBD 2017 demonstrated a complex and sophisticated series of analytical steps using the largest known database of morbidity and mortality data on injuries. GBD 2017 results should be used to help inform injury prevention policy making and resource allocation. We also identify important avenues for improving injury burden estimation in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)i125-i153
Number of pages29
JournalInjury Prevention
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • descriptive epidemiology
  • methodology
  • populations/contexts
  • statistical issues

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