Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations

Walter Jetz, Melodie A. McGeoch, Robert Guralnick, Simon Ferrier, Jan Beck, Mark J. Costello, Miguel Fernandez, Gary N. Geller, Petr Keil, Cory Merow, Carsten Meyer, Frank E. Muller-Karger, Henrique M. Pereira, Eugenie C. Regan, Dirk S. Schmeller, Eren Turak

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Species distributions and abundances are undergoing rapid changes worldwide. This highlights the significance of reliable, integrated information for guiding and assessing actions and policies aimed at managing and sustaining the many functions and benefits of species. Here we synthesize the types of data and approaches that are required to achieve such an integration and conceptualize ‘essential biodiversity variables’ (EBVs) for a unified global capture of species populations in space and time. The inherent heterogeneity and sparseness of raw biodiversity data are overcome by the use of models and remotely sensed covariates to inform predictions that are contiguous in space and time and global in extent. We define the species population EBVs as a space–time–species–gram (cube) that simultaneously addresses the distribution or abundance of multiple species, with its resolution adjusted to represent available evidence and acceptable levels of uncertainty. This essential information enables the monitoring of single or aggregate spatial or taxonomic units at scales relevant to research and decision-making. When combined with ancillary environmental or species data, this fundamental species population information directly underpins a range of biodiversity and ecosystem function indicators. The unified concept we present links disparate data to downstream uses and informs a vision for species population monitoring in which data collection is closely integrated with models and infrastructure to support effective biodiversity assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-551
Number of pages13
JournalNature Ecology and Evolution
Volume3
Issue numberAPRIL 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Mar 2019

Cite this

Jetz, W., McGeoch, M. A., Guralnick, R., Ferrier, S., Beck, J., Costello, M. J., ... Turak, E. (2019). Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 3(APRIL 2019), 539-551. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0826-1
Jetz, Walter ; McGeoch, Melodie A. ; Guralnick, Robert ; Ferrier, Simon ; Beck, Jan ; Costello, Mark J. ; Fernandez, Miguel ; Geller, Gary N. ; Keil, Petr ; Merow, Cory ; Meyer, Carsten ; Muller-Karger, Frank E. ; Pereira, Henrique M. ; Regan, Eugenie C. ; Schmeller, Dirk S. ; Turak, Eren. / Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations. In: Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2019 ; Vol. 3, No. APRIL 2019. pp. 539-551.
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author = "Walter Jetz and McGeoch, {Melodie A.} and Robert Guralnick and Simon Ferrier and Jan Beck and Costello, {Mark J.} and Miguel Fernandez and Geller, {Gary N.} and Petr Keil and Cory Merow and Carsten Meyer and Muller-Karger, {Frank E.} and Pereira, {Henrique M.} and Regan, {Eugenie C.} and Schmeller, {Dirk S.} and Eren Turak",
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Jetz, W, McGeoch, MA, Guralnick, R, Ferrier, S, Beck, J, Costello, MJ, Fernandez, M, Geller, GN, Keil, P, Merow, C, Meyer, C, Muller-Karger, FE, Pereira, HM, Regan, EC, Schmeller, DS & Turak, E 2019, 'Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations' Nature Ecology and Evolution, vol. 3, no. APRIL 2019, pp. 539-551. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0826-1

Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations. / Jetz, Walter; McGeoch, Melodie A.; Guralnick, Robert; Ferrier, Simon; Beck, Jan; Costello, Mark J.; Fernandez, Miguel; Geller, Gary N.; Keil, Petr; Merow, Cory; Meyer, Carsten; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Pereira, Henrique M.; Regan, Eugenie C.; Schmeller, Dirk S.; Turak, Eren.

In: Nature Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 3, No. APRIL 2019, 11.03.2019, p. 539-551.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations

AU - Jetz, Walter

AU - McGeoch, Melodie A.

AU - Guralnick, Robert

AU - Ferrier, Simon

AU - Beck, Jan

AU - Costello, Mark J.

AU - Fernandez, Miguel

AU - Geller, Gary N.

AU - Keil, Petr

AU - Merow, Cory

AU - Meyer, Carsten

AU - Muller-Karger, Frank E.

AU - Pereira, Henrique M.

AU - Regan, Eugenie C.

AU - Schmeller, Dirk S.

AU - Turak, Eren

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N2 - Species distributions and abundances are undergoing rapid changes worldwide. This highlights the significance of reliable, integrated information for guiding and assessing actions and policies aimed at managing and sustaining the many functions and benefits of species. Here we synthesize the types of data and approaches that are required to achieve such an integration and conceptualize ‘essential biodiversity variables’ (EBVs) for a unified global capture of species populations in space and time. The inherent heterogeneity and sparseness of raw biodiversity data are overcome by the use of models and remotely sensed covariates to inform predictions that are contiguous in space and time and global in extent. We define the species population EBVs as a space–time–species–gram (cube) that simultaneously addresses the distribution or abundance of multiple species, with its resolution adjusted to represent available evidence and acceptable levels of uncertainty. This essential information enables the monitoring of single or aggregate spatial or taxonomic units at scales relevant to research and decision-making. When combined with ancillary environmental or species data, this fundamental species population information directly underpins a range of biodiversity and ecosystem function indicators. The unified concept we present links disparate data to downstream uses and informs a vision for species population monitoring in which data collection is closely integrated with models and infrastructure to support effective biodiversity assessment.

AB - Species distributions and abundances are undergoing rapid changes worldwide. This highlights the significance of reliable, integrated information for guiding and assessing actions and policies aimed at managing and sustaining the many functions and benefits of species. Here we synthesize the types of data and approaches that are required to achieve such an integration and conceptualize ‘essential biodiversity variables’ (EBVs) for a unified global capture of species populations in space and time. The inherent heterogeneity and sparseness of raw biodiversity data are overcome by the use of models and remotely sensed covariates to inform predictions that are contiguous in space and time and global in extent. We define the species population EBVs as a space–time–species–gram (cube) that simultaneously addresses the distribution or abundance of multiple species, with its resolution adjusted to represent available evidence and acceptable levels of uncertainty. This essential information enables the monitoring of single or aggregate spatial or taxonomic units at scales relevant to research and decision-making. When combined with ancillary environmental or species data, this fundamental species population information directly underpins a range of biodiversity and ecosystem function indicators. The unified concept we present links disparate data to downstream uses and informs a vision for species population monitoring in which data collection is closely integrated with models and infrastructure to support effective biodiversity assessment.

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DO - 10.1038/s41559-019-0826-1

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EP - 551

JO - Nature Ecology and Evolution

JF - Nature Ecology and Evolution

SN - 2397-334X

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