Erythrocarpines Isingle bondN, new limonoids from the barks of Chisocheton erythrocarpus and their neuroprotective effects against hydrogen peroxide in NG108–15 cells

Muhammad Afiq Ngadni , Soon-Lim Chong, Muhamad Noor Alfarizal Kamarudin, Hazrina Hazni, Marc Litaudon, Unang Supratman, Khalijah Awang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A phytochemical study on the bark of Chisocheton erythrocarpus Hiern (Meliaceae) has led to the isolation of six new phragmalin-type limonoids named erythrocarpines I – N (1–6) along with one known limonoid, erythrocarpine F (7). Their structures were fully characterized by spectroscopic methods. The pre-treatment of NG108–15 cells with 1–5, 7 (2 h) demonstrated low to good protective effects against H2O2 exposure; 1 (83.77% ± 1.84 at 12.5 μM), 2 (69.07 ± 2.01 at 12.5 μM), 3 (80.38 ± 2.1 at 12.5 μM), 4 (62.33 ± 1.95 at 25 μM),5 (58.67 ± 1.85 at 50 μM) and 7 (66.07 ± 2.03 at 12.5 μM). Interestingly, 1 and 3 demonstrated comparable protective effects to positive control epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) with similar cell viability capacity (≈ 80%), having achieved that at lower concentration (12.5 μM) than EGCG (50 μM). Collectively, the results suggested the promising use of 1 and 3 as potential neuroprotective agents against hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity in neuronal model.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105765
Number of pages9
JournalFitoterapia
Volume173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

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