Equity in transport

John Stanley, Janet Robin Stanley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

Abstract

The Oxford Dictionary (Turner 1984) defines equity as ‘1. Fairness; recourse to
principles of justice to correct or supplement law’. Hausman and McPherson (2006, p. 198) note that it is common for economists to use ‘equity’ this way and that, ‘The questions of justice that are important to economists concern the distribution of benefits and burdens among members of a community . . . Economic evaluation presupposes well-defined principles of justice.’ Principles of justice are particularly relevant, but frequently not recognised as such, at two important stages in the policy process: first, in identifying priorities for policy,
program and/or project attention, which brings in the idea of equity in needs definition; and, second, in evaluating the relative merits of alternative possible ways of satisfying priorities, whether this evaluation is ex ante or ex post, which raises the question of equity in needs evaluation.1 Welfare economics has long recognised that there are a vast number of potentially efficient allocations of a society’s resources, each of which meet a set of economic efficiency requirements. Each different efficient allocation corresponds to a different distributional outcome. Economists frequently argue that their concern is
only with efficiency and that distributional considerations are a matter for politicians, who can use various redistributive mechanisms to achieve desired distributional outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Research Methods and Applications in Transport Economics and Policy
EditorsChris Nash
Place of PublicationCheltenham UK
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Pages418 - 436
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9780857937926
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this

Stanley, J., & Stanley, J. R. (2015). Equity in transport. In C. Nash (Ed.), Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Transport Economics and Policy (pp. 418 - 436). Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4337/9780857937933.00032
Stanley, John ; Stanley, Janet Robin. / Equity in transport. Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Transport Economics and Policy. editor / Chris Nash. Cheltenham UK : Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015. pp. 418 - 436
@inbook{5b235b0603ff44a48d7c1192479c7ec6,
title = "Equity in transport",
abstract = "The Oxford Dictionary (Turner 1984) defines equity as ‘1. Fairness; recourse toprinciples of justice to correct or supplement law’. Hausman and McPherson (2006, p. 198) note that it is common for economists to use ‘equity’ this way and that, ‘The questions of justice that are important to economists concern the distribution of benefits and burdens among members of a community . . . Economic evaluation presupposes well-defined principles of justice.’ Principles of justice are particularly relevant, but frequently not recognised as such, at two important stages in the policy process: first, in identifying priorities for policy,program and/or project attention, which brings in the idea of equity in needs definition; and, second, in evaluating the relative merits of alternative possible ways of satisfying priorities, whether this evaluation is ex ante or ex post, which raises the question of equity in needs evaluation.1 Welfare economics has long recognised that there are a vast number of potentially efficient allocations of a society’s resources, each of which meet a set of economic efficiency requirements. Each different efficient allocation corresponds to a different distributional outcome. Economists frequently argue that their concern isonly with efficiency and that distributional considerations are a matter for politicians, who can use various redistributive mechanisms to achieve desired distributional outcomes.",
author = "John Stanley and Stanley, {Janet Robin}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.4337/9780857937933.00032",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780857937926",
pages = "418 -- 436",
editor = "Chris Nash",
booktitle = "Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Transport Economics and Policy",
publisher = "Edward Elgar Publishing",
address = "United Kingdom",

}

Stanley, J & Stanley, JR 2015, Equity in transport. in C Nash (ed.), Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Transport Economics and Policy. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham UK, pp. 418 - 436. https://doi.org/10.4337/9780857937933.00032

Equity in transport. / Stanley, John; Stanley, Janet Robin.

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Transport Economics and Policy. ed. / Chris Nash. Cheltenham UK : Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015. p. 418 - 436.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Equity in transport

AU - Stanley, John

AU - Stanley, Janet Robin

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The Oxford Dictionary (Turner 1984) defines equity as ‘1. Fairness; recourse toprinciples of justice to correct or supplement law’. Hausman and McPherson (2006, p. 198) note that it is common for economists to use ‘equity’ this way and that, ‘The questions of justice that are important to economists concern the distribution of benefits and burdens among members of a community . . . Economic evaluation presupposes well-defined principles of justice.’ Principles of justice are particularly relevant, but frequently not recognised as such, at two important stages in the policy process: first, in identifying priorities for policy,program and/or project attention, which brings in the idea of equity in needs definition; and, second, in evaluating the relative merits of alternative possible ways of satisfying priorities, whether this evaluation is ex ante or ex post, which raises the question of equity in needs evaluation.1 Welfare economics has long recognised that there are a vast number of potentially efficient allocations of a society’s resources, each of which meet a set of economic efficiency requirements. Each different efficient allocation corresponds to a different distributional outcome. Economists frequently argue that their concern isonly with efficiency and that distributional considerations are a matter for politicians, who can use various redistributive mechanisms to achieve desired distributional outcomes.

AB - The Oxford Dictionary (Turner 1984) defines equity as ‘1. Fairness; recourse toprinciples of justice to correct or supplement law’. Hausman and McPherson (2006, p. 198) note that it is common for economists to use ‘equity’ this way and that, ‘The questions of justice that are important to economists concern the distribution of benefits and burdens among members of a community . . . Economic evaluation presupposes well-defined principles of justice.’ Principles of justice are particularly relevant, but frequently not recognised as such, at two important stages in the policy process: first, in identifying priorities for policy,program and/or project attention, which brings in the idea of equity in needs definition; and, second, in evaluating the relative merits of alternative possible ways of satisfying priorities, whether this evaluation is ex ante or ex post, which raises the question of equity in needs evaluation.1 Welfare economics has long recognised that there are a vast number of potentially efficient allocations of a society’s resources, each of which meet a set of economic efficiency requirements. Each different efficient allocation corresponds to a different distributional outcome. Economists frequently argue that their concern isonly with efficiency and that distributional considerations are a matter for politicians, who can use various redistributive mechanisms to achieve desired distributional outcomes.

U2 - 10.4337/9780857937933.00032

DO - 10.4337/9780857937933.00032

M3 - Chapter (Book)

SN - 9780857937926

SP - 418

EP - 436

BT - Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Transport Economics and Policy

A2 - Nash, Chris

PB - Edward Elgar Publishing

CY - Cheltenham UK

ER -

Stanley J, Stanley JR. Equity in transport. In Nash C, editor, Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Transport Economics and Policy. Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. 2015. p. 418 - 436 https://doi.org/10.4337/9780857937933.00032