Equation of state and contact of a strongly interacting Bose gas in the normal state

Xia Ji Liu, Brendan Mulkerin, Lianyi He, Hui Hu

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We theoretically investigate the equation of state and Tan's contact of a nondegenerate three-dimensional Bose gas near a broad Feshbach resonance, within the framework of large-N expansion. Our results agree with the path-integral Monte Carlo simulations in the weak-coupling limit and recover the second-order virial expansion predictions at strong interactions and high temperatures. At resonance, we find that the chemical potential and energy are significantly enhanced by the strong repulsion, while the entropy does not change significantly. With increasing temperature, the two-body contact initially increases and then decreases like T-1 at large temperature, and therefore exhibits a peak structure at about 4Tc0, where Tc0 is the Bose-Einstein condensation temperature of an ideal, noninteracting Bose gas. These results may be experimentally examined with a nondegenerate unitary Bose gas, where the three-body recombination rate is substantially reduced. In particular, the nonmonotonic temperature dependence of the two-body contact could be inferred from the momentum distribution measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043631
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

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