Epitope-specific TCRbeta repertoire diversity imparts no functional advantage on the CD8+ T cell response to cognate viral peptides

Nicole L La Gruta, Paul G Thomas, Andrew I Webb, Michelle Anne Dunstone, Tania Cukalac, Peter C Doherty, Anthony Wayne Purcell, Jamie Rossjohn, Stephen J Turner

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TCR repertoire diversity has been convincingly shown to facilitate responsiveness of CD8+ T cell populations to mutant virus peptides, thereby safeguarding against viral escape. However, the impact of repertoire diversity on the functionality of the CD8+ T cell response to cognate peptide-MHC class I complex (pMHC) recognition remains unclear. Here, we have compared TCRbeta chain repertoires of three influenza A epitope-specific CD8+ T cell responses in C57BL/6 (B6) mice: D(b)NP(366-374), D(b)PA(224-233), and a recently described epitope derived from the +1 reading frame of the influenza viral polymerase B subunit (residues 62-70) (D(b)PB1-F2(62)). Corresponding to the relative antigenicity of the respective pMHCs, and irrespective of the location of prominent residues, the D(b)PA(224)- and D(b)PB1-F2(62)-specific repertoires were similarly diverse, whereas the D(b)NP(366) population was substantially narrower. Importantly, parallel analysis of response magnitude, cytotoxicity, TCR avidity, and cytokine production for the three epitope-specific responses revealed no obvious functional advantage conferred by increased T cell repertoire diversity. Thus, whereas a diverse repertoire may be important for recognition of epitope variants, its effect on the response to cognate pMHC recognition appears minimal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2034 - 2039
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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