While most research concerning trauma has been conducted in adults, many children appear to be confronted with one or more potentially traumatic events while growing up and are at risk of developing a trauma-related disorder such as acute stress disorder (ASD) or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This chapter provides an overview of estimates of trauma exposure, ASD rates and PTSD rates among children and adolescents and their relevant predictors. Exposure to potentially traumatic events is highly frequent among young people across the world. Important predictors vary across the three outcomes of interest. Age, gender, externalising behaviour and stressors in the home environment appear relevant for trauma exposure. While empirical findings for ASD among children and adolescents are fairly scarce, the main predictors of PTSD appear to involve the nature of the trauma (with interpersonal trauma being related to higher rates of PTSD), acute stress levels, cognitive factors and family or broader social support factors. Non-Western countries and young children are underrepresented in research into exposure and trauma-related disorders.
|Title of host publication||Evidence-Based Treatments for Trauma Related Disorders in Children and Adolescents|
|Editors||Markus A. Landolt, Marylène Cloitre, Ulrich Schnyder|
|Place of Publication||Cham, Switzerland|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 13 Feb 2017|