Structured color in nature is controlled by nano- and micro-structured interfaces giving rise to a photonic bandgap. This study presents a biomimetic optical material based on polymeric inverse opals that respond to enzyme activity. Polymer colloids provide a template in which acryloyl-functionalized poly(ethylene glycol) is integrated; dissolution of the colloids leads to a hydrogel inverse opal that can be lithographically patterned using transfer printing. Incorporating enzyme substrates within the voids provides a material that responds to the presence of proteases through a shift in the optical properties.
- biomimetic materials