Environmentalism: Spiritual, ethical, political

Michael Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The normative foundations of the environmental movement can be thought of in a range of different ways. The present paper is a commentary on very interesting papers by Thomas Dunlap, Thomas Hill and Kimberly Smith, who take up the spiritual, ethical and political perspectives respectively. Their accounts are described and evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-363
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Values
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Death of environmentalism
  • Eckersley
  • Environmental movement
  • Intrinsic value
  • Leopold
  • Middle-level values
  • Mutual accountability
  • Nature
  • Nordhaus
  • Plural values
  • Rawls
  • Religion
  • Scanlon
  • Schellenberger
  • Social contract

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