Enrichment protocol for rat models

Teh Rasyidah Ismail, Christina Gertrude Yap, Rakesh Naidu, Narendra Pamidi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review


    An environmental enrichment (EE) cage consisting of a broad living area and various stimulators triggers social, cognitive, and physical activities. EE has been utilized in a wide range of neurological and non-neurological studies. However, the details of the environmental enrichment protocol were not well described in these studies. This has resulted in uncertainty and inconsistency in methodology, which may thus fail to replicate environmental enrichment effects, influencing the study outcome. Here we describe the basic guidelines and present an easy-to-follow protocol for environmental enrichment in rat models.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)e152
    Number of pages12
    JournalCurrent Protocols
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


    • cognitive
    • environmental enrichment
    • physical activities
    • rat
    • social

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