Enhanced Scattering between Electrons and Exciton-Polaritons in a Microcavity

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The interplay between strong light-matter interactions and charge doping represents an important frontier in the pursuit of exotic many-body physics and optoelectronics. Here, we consider a simplified model of a two-dimensional semiconductor embedded in a microcavity, where the interactions between electrons and holes are strongly screened, allowing us to develop a diagrammatic formalism for this system with an analytic expression for the exciton-polariton propagator. We apply this to the scattering of spin-polarized polaritons and electrons, and show that this is strongly enhanced compared with exciton-electron interactions. As we argue, this counterintuitive result is a consequence of the shift of the collision energy due to the strong light-matter coupling, and hence this is a generic feature that applies also for more realistic electron-hole and electron-electron interactions. We furthermore demonstrate that the lack of Galilean invariance inherent in the light-matter coupled system can lead to a narrow resonancelike feature for polariton-electron interactions close to the polariton inflection point. Our results are potentially important for realizing tunable light-mediated interactions between charged particles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number197401
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2021

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