Enhanced gas sensing performance based on the fabrication of polycrystalline Ag@TiO2 core-shell nanowires

Xiaohong Yang, Haitao Fu, Lingtong Zhang, Xizhong An, Shixian Xiong, Xuchuan Jiang, Aibing Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study demonstrates a novel one-dimensional core-shell structure based on the coating of silver nanowires (Ag NWs) with a layer of titanium oxide (TiO 2 ) nanoparticles. This approach for generating core-shell structures is facile and straightforward, utilizing a sol-gel method followed by the crystallization of TiO 2 using a simple open-air hydrothermal method. The Ag nanowires are ˜10 μm in length and have a diameter of 100 nm, and their TiO 2 polycrystalline shell is 10–15 nm in thickness. These novel structures offer large surface area and high stability, which are qualities that favor gas sensing performance. Gas sensing tests have demonstrated that the generated Ag NWs@TiO 2 core-shell nanocomposites exhibit better sensing properties (response, selectivity, optimized working temperature, minimum concentration, and response and recovery time) when compared to sensors containing pure TiO 2 nanoparticles. The mechanism of sensing enhancement can be attributed to the Schottky barrier that exists at the interface between the Ag NWs and the TiO 2 . The Ag core has an excellent conductive property for electronic transfer and further accelerates the oxygen ionization and surface redox reactions. These results may shed light on the design and construction of TiO 2 -based nanocomposites for gas sensor applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-492
Number of pages10
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume286
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Keywords

  • Ag nanowires
  • Ammonia
  • Core-shell structure
  • Gas sensor
  • Polycrystalline TiO

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