Enhanced electrochemical sensing performance by in situ electrocopolymerization of pyrrole and thiophene-grafted chitosan

Mehmet Senel, Muamer Dervisevic, Lars Esser, Esma Dervisevic, Jennifer Dyson, Christopher D. Easton, Victor J. Cadarso, Nicolas H. Voelcker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Nowadays, there is increasing number of electrochemical biosensors which utilize chitosan (Ch); as an enzyme immobilization matrix, and conductive nanomaterials; as electron carriers improving sensitivity of the biosensor. However, the challenge these sensors face is the lack of uniform dispersion of nanomaterials throughout the Ch film, which can negatively affect analytical performance of the biosensor. In this study, we report the development of an enzyme immobilization matrix that displays enhanced electrochemical performance thanks to a novel conductive thin film prepared via in situ electrocopolymerization of pyrrole (Py) and thiophene-grafted chitosan (Th-Ch). This is a simple thin film preparation method that can help overcome aforementioned challenges by providing a uniformly distributed conductive layer on the electrode. We are also for the first time reporting the synthesis and characterization of Th-Ch, where grafted Th plays an essential role as a linking group between Ch and Py. The resulting conductive Ch-based thin film was modified with glucose oxidase (GOx) which served as a model enzyme. In situ electrocopolymerization of Py with Th-Ch resulted in a highly conductive thin film enabling approximately 40% higher sensitivity when compared to a Py-Ch composite. This new type of composite thin film is promising in biosensor technology due to its biocompatibility, the chemically and physically modifiable structure, as well as its electrical conductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-593
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2020


  • Chitosan
  • Conductive polymer
  • Glucose biosensor
  • in situ electrocopolymerization
  • Pyrrole
  • Thiophene

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