Enhanced catalytic activity for hydrogen electrooxidation and CO tolerance of carbon-supported non-stoichiometric palladium carbides

Alexander N. Simonov, Pavel A. Pyrjaev, Pavel A. Simonov, Boris L. Moroz, Svetlana V. Cherepanova, Dmitry A. Zyuzin, Valery I. Bukhtiyarov, Valentin N. Parmon

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Abstract

The promoting effect of incorporation of carbon atoms into the crystalline lattice of palladium on its electrocatalytic performance for the hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) and CO tolerance was found, for the first time, with the PdC x/C catalysts prepared via (1) treatment of the pre-deposited Pd particles with C 2H 4 at 300°C and (2) successive calcination/reduction of a Pd/C precursor in flowing Ar and H 2 at 250°C. The formation of the interstitial PdC x solutions was confirmed by means of X-ray diffraction, high resolution transition electron microscopy and a set of electrochemical methods. The HOR on the as-prepared and CO-poisoned PdC x/C catalysts was studied using rotating disk electrode. For the catalysts prepared without the use of specially added carbon source (route 2), the correlation between the microstructure of a carbon support and the catalyst activity for the HOR is observed: the structurally more disordered supports give rise to the more active catalysts. The most active PdC x/C catalysts demonstrate up to a 2.5-fold increase in the exchange current density of the HOR and a rise of about 20-fold in the hydrogen oxidation current density in the presence of 1100 ppm CO comparing to the Pd/C catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-214
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
Volume353-354
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon supports
  • Hydrogen oxidation reaction
  • Palladium catalysts
  • PdC solid solutions
  • Supported nanoparticles

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