English as efficiency: new indentured labour and the capital of Australian universities

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Higher education may operate within nation spaces and serve national ends, but it is increasingly a transnational enterprise, generating movements of people and money and ideas within and among nations. This chapter takes a critical look at the international student trade as it has developed in Australia, its relations with Indian students and its responses to internationally influenced national policies of deregulation and privatization. It draws a parallel between transnational movements of students and the indentured labour trade in spaces across the British Empire.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransnational Spaces of India and Australia
EditorsPaul Sharrad, Deb Narayan Bandyopadhyay
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783030813253
ISBN (Print)9783030813246
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Australia
  • Colonialism
  • Indentured labour
  • India
  • International students

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