English as a Lingua Franca

Roby Marlina, Zhichang Xu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review


The English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) movement, through its various language corpora—Vienna Oxford International Corpus of English (VOICE), English as a Lingua Franca in Academic Settings (ELFA), and Asian Corpus of English (ACE)—has challenged the monolithic nature of English and, thus, the native‐speaker oriented approach to language teaching. In addition to advocating the dynamic nature of English, ELF research has shown that the nature of today's communication is characterized by multilingual practices. Thus, English language diversity and multilingualism should lie at the core of English language teaching. Despite its liberating ideology, critics have questioned the validity of the data that they have collected for their corpora as they represent bilingual “elite” users of English. ELF's emphasis on diversity has also not been enthusiastically received by many language teachers, literacy brokers, and test‐developers.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching
EditorsJohn I. Liontas, Margo DelliCarpini
Place of PublicationHoboken NJ USA
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781118784235
ISBN (Print)9781118784228
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018


  • English
  • Lingua Franca

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