Engineering the spin-orbit interaction in surface conducting diamond with a solid-state gate dielectric

Kaijian Xing, Alexander Tsai, Daniel L. Creedon, Steve A. Yianni, Jeffrey C. McCallum, Lothar Ley, Dong Chen Qi, Christopher I. Pakes

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen-terminated (H-terminated) diamond, when surface transfer doped, can support a sub-surface two-dimensional (2D) hole band that possesses a strong Rashba-type spin-orbit interaction. By incorporating a V2O5/Al2O3 bilayer gate dielectric in a diamond-based metal-oxide-semiconductor architecture, metallic surface conductivity can be maintained at low temperature, avoiding the carrier freeze out exhibited by devices with an Al2O3 gate dielectric alone. Hole densities of up to 2.5 × 1013 cm-2 are achieved by the electrostatic gating of the device, and the spin-orbit interaction strength can be tuned from 3.5 ± 0.5 meV to 8.4 ± 0.5 meV, with a concurrent reduction in the spin coherence length from 40 ± 1 nm to 27 ± 1 nm. The demonstration of a gated device architecture on the H-terminated that avoids the need to cycle the temperature, as is required for ionic liquid gating protocols, opens a pathway to engineering practical devices for the study and application of spin transport in diamond.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174002
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

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