The current advances in nanoengineered materials coupled with the precise targeting capability of recombinant antibodies can create nanoscale diagnostics and therapeutics which show enhanced accumulation and extended retention at a target tissue. Smaller antibodies such as single-chain variable fragments (scFv) preserve the selective and strong binding of their parent antibody to their antigen with the benefits of low immunogenicity, more efficient tissue penetration and easy introduction of functional residues suitable for site-specific conjugation. This is of high importance as nonspecific antibody modification often involves attachment to free cysteine or lysine amino acids which may reside in the active site, leading to reduced antigen binding. In this chapter, we outline a facile and versatile chemoenzymatic approach for production of targeted nanocarrier scFv conjugates using the bacterial trans-peptidase Sortase A (Srt A). Srt A efficiently mediates sequence-specific peptide ligation under mild conditions and has few undesirable side reactions. We first describe the production, purification and characterization of Srt A enzyme and a scFv construct which targets activated platelets, called scFvanti-GPIIb/IIIa. Following this, our protocol illustrates the chemoenzymatic modification of the antibody at the C-terminus with an orthogonal click chemistry linker. This avoids any random attachment to the biologically active antigen binding site of the antibody. Finally, we describe the modification of a nanoparticle surface with scFv attachment via two methods: (1) direct Sortase-mediated conjugation; or (2) a two-step system which consists of scFv Sortase-mediated conjugation followed by strain promoted azide-alkyne cycloaddition. Finally, methodology is described to assess the successful assembly of targeted particles.