Engineered Porous Nanocomposites That Deliver Remarkably Low Carbon Capture Energy Costs

Muhammad Munir Sadiq, Kristina Konstas, Paolo Falcaro, Anita J. Hill, Kiyonori Suzuki, Matthew R. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A key barrier to the use of carbon dioxide capture technologies is the operating energy requirement, the chief contributor being the energy required to regenerate the capture media. When paired with electricity generation, the parasitic energy load can prohibit implementation. While metal organic frameworks (MOFs) harbor significant adsorption capacities, their thermally insulating nature will require significant energy and time to regenerate. Here, we report a MOF nanocomposite that can be regenerated at high speed and low energy cost. An adsorption system is tailored to deliver a very low energy cost of only 1.29 MJ kg−1CO2, 45% below commercially deployed materials, which can be exploited to deliver a productivity as high as 3.13 kgCO2 h−1 kgAds−1. The combination of a MOF (Mg-MOF-74) with high adsorption capacity, a magnetic nanoparticle (MgFe2O4), and a porous hydrophobic polymer results in a composite that can be used in the magnetic induction swing adsorption (MISA) process. Sadiq et al. report a magnetic induction swing adsorption process with notable energy efficiency for the capture and release of CO2. Incorporation of MgFe2O4 nanoparticles within Mg-MOF-74 allowed the CO2 to have its release triggered by magnetic induction heating, requiring only 1.29 MJ kg−1CO2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100070
Number of pages13
JournalCell Reports Physical Science
Volume1
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • carbon capture
  • energy efficiency
  • magnetic framework composites
  • magnetic induction
  • magnetic nanoparticles
  • metal organic frameworks
  • regeneration energy

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