Energized fracturing with CO2: a numerical simulation of the effects of thermodynamic properties of CO2

Feng Xiao, Saeed Salimzadeh, Qianbing Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther


Energized fracturing with CO2 is considered as an alternative method to conventional water-based hydraulic fracturing, which brings advantages in water conservation and environment protection as well as in hot enhanced geothermal systems (EGS). However, the varying thermodynamic and transport properties of CO2 could be problematic in energized fracturing. To investigate the effects of CO2 pressure-temperature-dependant properties on fracture propagation, an extensive numerical simulation is performed using a robust fracturing simulator developed on Complex Systems Modelling Platform (CSMP-HF). Based on the Span-Wagner equation of state, the thermodynamic and transport properties of CO2 in varied in-situ conditions (i.e., pressure and temperature) during energized fracturing process are calculated. The simulation results show that in-situ stress conditions affect the fracture growth speed under constant CO2 mass rate. The additional storage volume brought by injection system contribute significantly to the hydraulic fracturing speed. Higher propagation speed may result in dynamic fracture propagation and thus resulting in branching, a subject for further research.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication57th US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium
PublisherAmerican Rock Mechanics Association (ARMA)
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780979497582
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventUS Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium 2023 - Atlanta, United States of America
Duration: 25 Jun 202328 Jun 2023
Conference number: 57th


ConferenceUS Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States of America

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