Endothelial E-selectin inhibition improves acute myeloid leukaemia therapy by disrupting vascular niche-mediated chemoresistance

Valerie Barbier, Johanna Erbani, Corrine Fiveash, Julie M. Davies, Joshua Tay, Michael R. Tallack, Jessica Lowe, John L. Magnani, Diwakar R. Pattabiraman, Andrew C. Perkins, Jessica Lisle, John E.J. Rasko, Jean Pierre Levesque, Ingrid G. Winkler

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The endothelial cell adhesion molecule E-selectin is a key component of the bone marrow hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) vascular niche regulating balance between HSC self-renewal and commitment. We now report in contrast, E-selectin directly triggers signaling pathways that promote malignant cell survival and regeneration. Using acute myeloid leukemia (AML) mouse models, we show AML blasts release inflammatory mediators that upregulate endothelial niche E-selectin expression. Alterations in cell-surface glycosylation associated with oncogenesis enhances AML blast binding to E-selectin and enable promotion of pro-survival signaling through AKT/NF-κB pathways. In vivo AML blasts with highest E-selectin binding potential are 12-fold more likely to survive chemotherapy and main contributors to disease relapse. Absence (in Sele−/− hosts) or therapeutic blockade of E-selectin using small molecule mimetic GMI-1271/Uproleselan effectively inhibits this niche-mediated pro-survival signaling, dampens AML blast regeneration, and strongly synergizes with chemotherapy, doubling the duration of mouse survival over chemotherapy alone, whilst protecting endogenous HSC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2042
Number of pages15
JournalNature Communications
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • E-selectin
  • enothelium
  • niche

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