Endosomal deubiquitinating enzymes control ubiquitination and down-regulation of protease-activated receptor 2

Burcu Hasdemir, Jane Murphy, Graeme Cottrell, Nigel Bunnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The E3 ubiquitin ligase c-Cbl ubiquitinates the G protein-coupled receptor PAR2, which is required for post-endocytic sorting of activated receptors to lysosomes, where degradation terminates signaling. The mechanisms of PAR2 deubiquitination and its importance in trafficking and signaling of endocytosed PAR2 are unknown. We report that receptor deubiquitination occurs between early endosomes and lysosomes and involves the endosomal deubiquitinating proteases AMSH and UBPY. Expression of the catalytically inactive mutants, AMSH(D348A) and UBPY(C786S), caused a 2.5-3.5-fold increase in PAR2 ubiquitination and trapped the receptor in early endosomes, thereby preventing lysosomal trafficking and degradation. siRNA knockdown of AMSH or UBPY also impaired deubiquitination, lysosomal trafficking and degradation of PAR2. Trapping PAR2 in endosomes through expression of AMSH(D348A) or UBPY(C786S) did not prolong the association of PAR2 with beta-arrestin2 or the duration of PAR2-induced ERK2 activation. Thus, AMSH and UBPY are essential for trafficking and down-regulation of PAR2, but not for regulating PAR2 dissociation from beta-arrestin2 or PAR2-mediated ERK2 activation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28453 - 28466
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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