Endoscopic mucosal resection outcomes and prediction of submucosal cancer from advanced colonic mucosal neoplasia

Alan Moss, Michael J. Bourke, Stephen J. Williams, Luke F. Hourigan, Gregor Brown, William Tam, Rajvinder Singh, Simon A. Zanati, Robert Y. Chen, Karen Byth

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401 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background & Aims: Large sessile colonic polyps usually are managed surgically, with significant morbidity and potential mortality. There have been few prospective, intention-to-treat, multicenter studies of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). We investigated whether endoscopic criteria can predict invasive disease and direct the optimal treatment strategy. Methods: The Australian Colonic Endoscopic (ACE) resection study group conducted a prospective, multicenter, observational study of all patients referred for EMR of sessile colorectal polyps that were 20 mm or greater in size (n = 479, mean age, 68.5 y; mean lesion size, 35.6 mm). We analyzed data on lesion characteristics and procedural, clinical, and histologic outcomes. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified independent predictors of EMR efficacy and recurrence of adenoma, based on findings from follow-up colonoscopy examinations. Results: Risk factors for submucosal invasion were as follows: Paris classification 0IIa+c morphology, nongranular surface, and Kudo pit pattern type V. The most commonly observed lesion (0IIa granular) had a low rate of submucosal invasion (1.4%). EMR was effective at completely removing the polyp in a single session in 89.2% of patients; risk factors for lack of efficacy included a prior attempt at EMR (odds ratio [OR], 3.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.777.94; P = .001) and ileocecal valve involvement (OR, 3.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.209.52; P = .021). Independent predictors of recurrence after effective EMR were lesion size greater than 40 mm (OR, 4.37; 95% confidence interval, 2.437.88; P < .001) and use of argon plasma coagulation (OR, 3.51; 95% confidence interval, 1.697.27; P = .0017). There were no deaths from EMR; 83.7% of patients avoided surgery. Conclusions: Large sessile colonic polyps can be managed safely and effectively by endoscopy. Endoscopic assessment identifies lesions at increased risk of containing submucosal cancer. The first EMR is an important determinant of patient outcomea previous attempt is a significant risk factor for lack of efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1908-1918
Number of pages11
JournalGastroenterology
Volume140
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Colon Cancer
  • Screening
  • Sessile Polyp
  • Tumor Surveillance

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