Endometrial scratching in Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom (UK): a follow-up survey

Madina Sarwari, Kiri Beilby, Karin Hammarberg, Martha Hickey, Sarah Lensen

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Endometrial scratching is a common IVF add-on. In 2015, a survey in Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom (UK) reported that 83% of fertility specialists recommended endometrial scratching for IVF. Several large trials have since been published reporting no clear evidence for improved live birth rates following endometrial scratching before IVF. An online survey was undertaken to ascertain the current practices and views across Australia, New Zealand, and the UK. A total of 121 eligible responses were received between October and December 2020 (fertility specialists (n = 61), embryologists (n = 26) and fertility nurses (n = 24)). Among fertility specialists, 34% currently offer endometrial scratching, mostly in the case of recurrent implantation failure. Most respondents were neutral or did not believe endometrial scratching improved pregnancy and live birth rates (>90%), except for in women with recurrent implantation failure (29% believed it can increase pregnancy and live birth rates in this group). More than half of respondents viewed reducing psychological distress as a benefit of endometrial scratching (55%). Among fertility specialists not offering endometrial scratching, 51% previously offered it but no longer do. The decline in use over the last five years likely reflects a response to recent evidence reporting no benefit from the procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-604
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Fertility
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • clinical practice
  • endometrial injury
  • Endometrial scratch
  • IVF add-on
  • pipelle
  • survey

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