Endemicity of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex in an intensive care unit in Malaysia

Amreeta Dhanoa, Ganeswrie Rajasekaram, Soo Sum Lean, Yuet-Meng Cheong, Kwai Lin Thong

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    Abstract

    Introduction. Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex (ACB complex) is a leading opportunistic pathogen in intensive care units (ICUs). Effective control of spread requires understanding of its epidemiological relatedness. This study aims to determine the genetic relatedness and antibiotic susceptibilities of ACB complex in an ICU in Malaysia. Methodology. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), E-test, and disk diffusion were used for isolates characterization. Results. During the study period (December 2011 to June 2012), 1023 patients were admitted to the ICU and 44 ACB complex (blood, n = 21, and blind bronchial aspirates, n = 23) were recovered from 38 ICU patients. Six isolates were from non-ICU patients. Of the 44 ICU isolates, 88.6 exhibited multidrug-resistant (MDR) patterns. There was high degree of resistance, with minimum inhibitory concentration 90 (MIC90) of >32 mu g/mL for carbapenems and >= 256 mu g/mL for amikacin, ampicillin/sulbactam, and cefoperazone/sulbactam. Isolates from the main PFGE cluster were highly resistant. There was evidence of dissemination in non-ICU wards. Conclusion. High number of clonally related MDR ACB complex was found. While the ICU is a likely reservoir facilitating transmission, importation from other wards may be important contributor. Early identification of strain relatedness and implementation of infection control measures are necessary to prevent further spread.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number789265
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Pathogens
    Volume2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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