Emulsion-templated porous polymers prepared by thiol-ene and thiol-yne photopolymerisation using multifunctional acrylate and non-acrylate monomers

Chaoyi Chen, Ahmed M. Eissa, Tara L. Schiller, Neil R. Cameron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chemical and mechanical properties of macroporous polymer substrates play a crucial role in the determination of their end-application. The preparation of highly (macro)porous monolithic polymers (polyHIPEs) by emulsion templating and thiol-ene/yne photopolymerisation, using multifunctional acrylate, allyl ether and alkyne-based monomers with trimethylolpropane tris (3-mercaptopropionate) (TMPTMP), is described in this work. Issues associated with monomer solubility and/or stability of the produced high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) are tackled. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is used to study the morphology and porosity (average void diameters) of the obtained materials. Due to the nature of the photoinitiated thiol-ene reactions, materials obtained from acrylate monomers display residual thiols that are quantified by a colourimetric (Ellman's) assay. Raman spectroscopy is also shown to be a complementary technique to evaluate the residual thiol content. The influence of the monomer functionality on the mechanical properties of the material is explored using compression tests. Significant differences in the surface functionality and mechanical behavior between materials prepared with comonomers able to homopolymerise (acrylates) and those unable to homopolymerise (allyl ethers; alkynes) are demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-401
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer
Volume126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Emulsions
  • Photopolymerisation
  • Porous polymers

Cite this

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abstract = "The chemical and mechanical properties of macroporous polymer substrates play a crucial role in the determination of their end-application. The preparation of highly (macro)porous monolithic polymers (polyHIPEs) by emulsion templating and thiol-ene/yne photopolymerisation, using multifunctional acrylate, allyl ether and alkyne-based monomers with trimethylolpropane tris (3-mercaptopropionate) (TMPTMP), is described in this work. Issues associated with monomer solubility and/or stability of the produced high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) are tackled. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is used to study the morphology and porosity (average void diameters) of the obtained materials. Due to the nature of the photoinitiated thiol-ene reactions, materials obtained from acrylate monomers display residual thiols that are quantified by a colourimetric (Ellman's) assay. Raman spectroscopy is also shown to be a complementary technique to evaluate the residual thiol content. The influence of the monomer functionality on the mechanical properties of the material is explored using compression tests. Significant differences in the surface functionality and mechanical behavior between materials prepared with comonomers able to homopolymerise (acrylates) and those unable to homopolymerise (allyl ethers; alkynes) are demonstrated.",
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Emulsion-templated porous polymers prepared by thiol-ene and thiol-yne photopolymerisation using multifunctional acrylate and non-acrylate monomers. / Chen, Chaoyi; Eissa, Ahmed M.; Schiller, Tara L.; Cameron, Neil R.

In: Polymer, Vol. 126, 22.09.2017, p. 395-401.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AB - The chemical and mechanical properties of macroporous polymer substrates play a crucial role in the determination of their end-application. The preparation of highly (macro)porous monolithic polymers (polyHIPEs) by emulsion templating and thiol-ene/yne photopolymerisation, using multifunctional acrylate, allyl ether and alkyne-based monomers with trimethylolpropane tris (3-mercaptopropionate) (TMPTMP), is described in this work. Issues associated with monomer solubility and/or stability of the produced high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) are tackled. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is used to study the morphology and porosity (average void diameters) of the obtained materials. Due to the nature of the photoinitiated thiol-ene reactions, materials obtained from acrylate monomers display residual thiols that are quantified by a colourimetric (Ellman's) assay. Raman spectroscopy is also shown to be a complementary technique to evaluate the residual thiol content. The influence of the monomer functionality on the mechanical properties of the material is explored using compression tests. Significant differences in the surface functionality and mechanical behavior between materials prepared with comonomers able to homopolymerise (acrylates) and those unable to homopolymerise (allyl ethers; alkynes) are demonstrated.

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