Employer occupation of regulatory space of the Employee Information and Consultation (I&C) Directive in liberal market economies

Tony Dundon, Tony Dobbins, Niall Cullinane, Eugene Hickland, Jimmy Donaghey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


This article shows how both employers and the state have influenced macro-level processes and structures concerning the content and transposition of the European Union (EU) Employee Information and Consultation (I&C) Directive. It argues that the processes of regulation occupied by employers reinforce a voluntarism which marginalizes rather than shares decision-making power with workers. The contribution advances the conceptual lens of 'regulatory space' by building on Lukes' multiple faces of power to better understand how employment regulation is determined across transnational, national and enterprise levels. The research proposes an integrated analytical framework on which 'occupancy' of regulatory space can be evaluated in comparative national contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-39
Number of pages19
JournalWork, Employment and Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • employee voice
  • employment regulation
  • European Information and Consultation Directive
  • space

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